Written by 6:24 pm Health & Care

What is Parvovirus in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Learn all about parvovirus in dog including causes, symptoms and prevention.

Puppy with parvovirus at a veterinary clinic.

Mixed breed puppy with parvovirus is at the veterinary clinic

WHAT IS PARVOVIRUS?

Canine parvovirus is a highly contagious virus that can cause severe illness in dogs. The virus is most commonly spread through contact with infected feces, but can also be spread through contact with contaminated surfaces or other dogs. Parvovirus can be deadly, particularly in young puppies, and early diagnosis and treatment is critical.

HOW IS CANINE PARVOVIRUS SPREAD?

Canine parvovirus is most commonly spread through contact with infected feces. The virus can also be spread through contact with contaminated surfaces or other dogs. Puppies are particularly susceptible to the virus and can become infected even if they only have brief contact with an infected dog or contaminated surface.

WHAT DOGS ARE MOST AT RISK FOR PARVOVIRUS?

Puppies are the most at risk for parvovirus, as they are more susceptible to the virus and can become infected even if they only have brief contact with an infected dog or contaminated surface. Dogs that are not vaccinated against parvovirus are also at increased risk for infection.

CAN HUMANS GET PARVOVIRUS FROM DOGS?

No, humans cannot get parvovirus from dogs. However, the virus can spread from dog to dog through contact with infected feces, contaminated surfaces, or other dogs.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF A PARVOVIRUS INFECTION?

The symptoms of a parvovirus infection can vary depending on the age and health of the dog. Puppies tend to be more severely affected by the virus and may show signs of vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, lethargy, and fever. Older dogs may show less severe symptoms, such as diarrhea or vomiting. In some cases, there may be no symptoms at all.

HOW IS CANINE PARVOVIRUS DIAGNOSED?

Canine parvovirus is typically diagnosed based on the symptoms the dog is showing and its history of exposure to the virus. A physical examination, laboratory testing, and imaging may also be used to rule out other potential causes of the symptoms.

TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR PARVOVIRUS

There is no specific cure for a parvovirus infection, but treatment focuses on supporting the dog through the illness and managing the symptoms. Treatment may include fluids to prevent dehydration, antibiotics to prevent secondary infections, and medications to help with vomiting and diarrhea. Puppies that are severely affected by the virus may need to be hospitalized for treatment.

WHAT IS THE LIFE EXPECTANCY FOR A DOG WITH PARVOVIRUS?

The prognosis for dogs with parvovirus is generally good if they receive prompt and appropriate treatment. However, puppies that are severely affected by the virus may die from the illness.

HOW TO PREVENT A PARVOVIRUS INFECTION

The best way to prevent a parvovirus infection in your dog is to vaccinate them against the virus. Puppies should be vaccinated at 6-8 weeks of age, and then booster shots should be given every 3-4 weeks until they are 16 weeks of age. Dogs that are at high risk for exposure to the virus (such as those that go to dog parks or boarding facilities) should be vaccinated every 6 months.

For more information on canine parvovirus and puppies, talk to your veterinarian. They can answer any questions you have and help you create a prevention and treatment plan for your dog.

Additional Reading

Looking for more resources about canine parvovirus? Check out these informative links:

 

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